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Corns & Callous

Corns are small circles of thick skin that usually develop on the tops and sides of toes or on the sole of the foot. However, they can occur anywhere. 

 

Women often get them if they've been wearing badly fitting shoes or spent a lot of time standing during the day.

Hard Skin

When we walk or stand, our body weight is carried first on the heel and then on the ball of the foot, where the skin is thicker, to withstand the pressure. When this pressure becomes excessive, some areas of the skin thicken, in the form of corns and callus, as a protective response.

 

A callus, or callosity, is an extended area of thickened skin on the soles of the feet, and occurs on areas of pressure. It is the body's reaction to pressure or friction, and can appear anywhere the skin rubs against a bone, a shoe, or the ground.

Athletes Foot

Athlete’s foot is a common condition caused by a fungal infection. An itchy red rash develops in the spaces between your toes. As well as being itchy, the skin in the affected area may be scaly, flaky and dry. 

 

The medical name for athlete’s foot is Tinea Pedis.

Fungal Nails

Nail fungus, or onychomycosis, is a condition that occurs when a microscopic fungus enters either a fingernail or toenail. Fungal infections occur in toenails more often than in fingernails.

 

Anyone can get nail fungus, but infections are more common in people over the age of 60. 

 

For people who have diabetes or a weakened immune system, nail fungus can present serious risks

Ingrowing Toenail

Onychocryptosis, also known as an ingrown toenail, or unguis incarnatus is a common form of nail disease. 

 

It is an often painful condition in which the nail grows so that it cuts into one or both sides of the paronychium or nail bed.

Verrucas

Verrucae are warts, usually found on the soles of the foot, although they can grow around the toes.

 

Verrucae are caused by a papilomavirus, which is also responsible for warts on other parts of the body. The virus is contagious and seems to thrive in damp conditions - such as swimming pools, showers and bathrooms. It can only be caught by direct contact with the virus, by walking on say, wet surfaces or by using infected towels. Cuts and foot injuries can increase the risk of picking up a verruca.

Dropped Arches

If you look at an adult foot from the inside, you'll usually notice an upward curve in the middle. This is called an arch. Tendons -- tight bands that attach at the heel and foot bones -- form the arch. Several tendons in your foot and lower leg work together to form the arches in your foot.

 

When the tendons all pull the proper amount, then your foot forms a moderate, normal arch. When tendons do not pull together properly, there is little or no arch. This is called flat foot or fallen arch.

Prescription Orthotics

Podiatry Orthotics - also known as foot orthoses, are custom, made to measure insoles which assist in balancing the bio mechanical inadequacies of the foot. 

 

They are very helpful in conditions such as flat foot, shin splints, plantar fasciitis etc., etc.